Foot and Ankle
During standing, walking, and running, the foot and ankle provide support, shock absorption, balance, and several other functions that are essential for motion. Three bones make up the ankle joint, primarily enabling up and down movement. There are 28 bones in the foot, and more than 30 joints that allow for a wide range of movement. In many of these joints the ends of the bones are covered with articular cartilage—a slippery substance that helps the bones glide smoothly over each other during movement. Tough bands of tissue, called ligaments, connect the bones and keep the joints in place. Muscles and tendons also support the joints and provide the strength to make them move.
After minor or major trauma, patients most commonly suffer from ankle sprains or ankle fractures. In children, ankle fractures can even involve the growth plate and should be carefully followed. Other chronic problems can be caused by an imbalance of the muscles surrounding the foot and ankle. Beach Orthopaedic Specialty Institute’s orthopedic surgeons are skilled at managing injuries and other chronic problems affecting the foot and ankle.
The video below can walk you through some of the common foot and ankle injuries to help you understand conditions and their treatments.